Understanding Judgement and Discernment in the Light of Christ

The Bible is a great source of wisdom and guidance, and understanding its teachings can bring clarity to our daily lives. One such passage is 2 Corinthians 5:10, which speaks of the judgement seat of Christ.

In this post, we will explore the meaning of this verse and its relevance to our present walk with Christ.

2 Corinthians 5:10 — For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.

The Meaning of “Appear”

The passage quoted refers to a verse in the Bible that discusses the idea that all people will one day stand before the judgement seat of Christ to be rewarded or punished for their deeds committed in the physical body. The word “appear” in this verse is translated from the Greek word “phaneroo,” which has a rich and interesting meaning. It connotes the idea of “making manifest,” “making known,” “showing,” and “revealing.” Essentially, the word suggests that when people appear before the judgement seat of Christ, the truth about them will be fully and completely revealed, as if a lid has been taken off a bottle.

This idea has significant implications for our understanding of the afterlife and the nature of judgement. According to this passage, no aspect of our lives or our character will remain hidden or unknown when we stand before the judgement seat of Christ. This means that we cannot hide our sins, secrets, or flaws from God. It also means that we cannot deceive ourselves or others about our true nature, as everything will be fully revealed.

The word “appear” and its meaning in this verse thus underscore the idea that true justice and accountability require complete transparency and honesty. They also suggest that, for Christians, the process of judgement is not something to be feared, but rather an opportunity for truth and redemption. By facing the full truth about ourselves and our actions, we can take responsibility for our sins, seek forgiveness, and grow in our faith.

The Meaning of “Judgement”

The concept of “judgement” is a significant theme throughout many religious and spiritual beliefs, including Christianity. In the context of the verse mentioned, “judgement” refers to the process of evaluating a person’s actions and determining whether they were in line with the teachings of Christ.

The word “judgement” comes from the Greek word “krino“, which has a deeper meaning than just deciding whether something is right or wrong. Krino refers to the act of separating truth from error, which is an essential component of the judgement process. This separation is not simply a matter of imposing a sentence or punishment, but rather a means of revealing the truth.

The purpose of judgement, therefore, is to uphold the truth as it relates to an individual’s actions and character. When a person stands before the judgement seat of Christ, their deeds and motives will be scrutinized to determine whether they were in accordance with the teachings of Christ. This process is not intended to be punitive but rather to bring about understanding and insight into one’s actions.

Once the truth is revealed, measures can be taken to address any shortcomings or failures. This may involve delegating tasks to improve one’s character or assigning a sentence or punishment. The ultimate goal of justice is not to condemn but to bring about growth and transformation. Through this process, individuals can become better aligned with the teachings of Christ and grow in their faith.

The Role of Light in Judgement

The Bible frequently uses the metaphor of light to describe the nature of God and to explain the concept of judgment. In the Gospel of John, Jesus himself states,

John 8:12 — “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”

This statement implies that by following Jesus and living in accordance with His teachings, people can avoid darkness, which represents ignorance, sin, and spiritual blindness, and instead experience the light of truth and righteousness.

The role of light in judgment is emphasized in several biblical passages. For example, in John 3:19-21, it is written,

“This is the verdict: Light has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil. Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed. But whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what they have done has been done in the sight of God.”

This passage suggests that light represents the truth and that those who do evil avoid it because they fear exposure and judgment. In contrast, those who live by the truth seek out the light, and by doing so, their deeds are exposed and can be judged according to their true nature.

Another passage that highlights the role of light in judgment is 1 John 1:5-7, which states,

“This is the message we have heard from him and declare to you: God is light; in him, there is no darkness at all. If we claim to have fellowship with him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not live out the truth. But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus, his Son, purifies us from all sin.”

This passage again emphasizes that God is associated with light and that living in darkness is incompatible with living in fellowship with God. Walking in the light, however, leads to purification from sin and an experience of God’s grace.

In summary, the role of light in judgment is to expose the truth and to reveal the true nature of people’s deeds. By walking in the light of God and living according to his truth, people can avoid darkness, be purified from sin, and experience fellowship with God.

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Discernment vs. Condemnation

Discernment and condemnation are two very different concepts, and it’s important to understand the distinction between them.

  •  Discernment involves making a judgment based on careful evaluation and consideration of all the available facts and evidence. It’s about separating truth from error and making wise decisions based on what you know.
  •  Condemnation, on the other hand, is a harsh and negative judgment that often involves punishment or rejection. It’s about passing judgment on someone based on limited information, assumptions, or personal biases. It often involves assuming the role of God or deciding the fate of another person without really understanding the full picture.

The Greek words “krino” and “katakrino” help to illustrate the difference between these two concepts. Krino means “to judge” or “to discern,” while katakrino means “to condemn.”

When Jesus said “judge not,” he wasn’t trying to discourage us from using good judgment and discernment. Instead, he was emphasizing that we should never pass condemnation on someone else. Only God has the right to condemn or pass final judgment.

  •  Discernment involves being open-minded and willing to consider different perspectives and information. It’s about seeking truth and wisdom, rather than jumping to conclusions or making assumptions.
  •  Condemnation, on the other hand, is often driven by fear, anger, or a desire to control others. It can lead to division, conflict, and even violence.

In short, discernment is an essential part of being a wise and responsible person, while condemnation is destructive and harmful behaviour that should be avoided. By understanding the difference between the two, we can cultivate greater compassion, understanding, and wisdom in our relationships with others.

The Judgement Seat

The judgement seat, as described in the Bible, is a metaphorical representation of the ultimate encounter that we will have with Jesus Christ. It is not a physical bench or a place where we will suffer, but a spiritual reality in which we stand before the One who is the Light and the Truth.

This encounter with Jesus Christ will be a time of reckoning and revelation, where the truth about ourselves will be fully disclosed. The Greek word used for judgement seat is “Bema,” which was originally used to refer to the raised platform where athletes would receive their rewards at the end of a competition. Similarly, when we stand before the judgement seat, we will receive our rewards or punishments based on how we have lived our lives.

It is important to note that the judgement seat is not a place of condemnation, but rather a place of discernment. As we stand before the judgement seat, we will be confronted with the truth about ourselves, and our deeds will be examined. It is a time to discern the truth about ourselves and to be accountable for our actions.

Based on what we know thus far, it should read as follows: For the judgement seat of Christ will reveal us all.

At this judgement of Christ, there is no doubt that what is carried through and received into the glorified body will correspond to our relationship with Christ in this life. The relationship we have with Christ right now will shape our relationship with Christ in the future. Consider the term “basis” carefully.

Alternative: Lay the groundwork

Christ is the cornerstone of this era, but we also get to build on top of him personally. What is received through the glorified body is the basis upon which we build our lives in Christ. The Christ of the future will be based on the Christ of the present and the present on the Christ of the now. This is the whole idea of the paragraph and similar ones. Naturally, it’s possible that our perception of how that operates and what that means is cloudy, if not entirely off. Yet the reality persists.

This demonstrates that the truth about our fellowship with Christ survives physical death. Instead, death announces it as the foundation. Much will be constructed on top of that throughout all of the time. But it’s the bedrock upon which everything else rests.

Several passages in God’s inspired Word address questions about the bodily resurrection and the judgement seat of Christ. In light of these verses, Paul’s point in 2 Corinthians 5:10 becomes more clear. 1 John has one of the better examples:

1 John 3:2 — Beloved, right now we are God’s sons, and we don’t know what our future holds; but we do know that when Christ returns, we’ll be just like him because we’ll get to see God the way he really is.

One possible rephrasing is:

To this point, God has kept what we will become a secret. However, we do know that when our identity in Christ is fully revealed, it will be patterned after His own.

Paul and John both speak the same Truth. He is informing us that the resurrection of the dead is the only way to glimpse the glorified body. This is consistent with Paul’s teaching, which states that the true character of the believer will not be revealed until the day of judgement. However, John expands on this, saying that the believer will be revealed: “from out from Christ Himself.” That is to say, the resurrected Christian’s body will be a living, breathing embodiment of Jesus Christ.

The believer’s expression of Christ after death, in the resurrection body, and under Christ’s judgement is the result of this life. That Christ-likeness will be the “real us,” it will be a dynamic reflection of our faith in Christ.

Obviously, the light we have received is crucial to our fellowship with Christ. So, it’s not a matter of how much we’ve accomplished for the Lord or how much illumination we’ve been granted, but of how faithfully we’ve stewarded what we have. Those who are given a lot must be prepared to put forth a lot of work.

Those who get little resources will be expected to provide similarly. The nature of our connection with Christ right now is determined by how faithfully we follow God in the illumination He has given us. The extent to which we enter into Christ’s experience and become an expression and extension of Him in the centuries to come depends on this.

The saints’ prize is not material possessions, as you may have seen. In the first place, it is not “positions.” Instead, the payoff is freedom and an encounter with Jesus Christ. Everything that comes after will be based on our understanding of who He is.

God’s justice is unfailing. Not a competition, please. It’s not a competition to see who can perform the most good deeds and get the biggest prize. No. Instead, it’s about putting trust in what the Lord has provided.


Furthermore, the concept of judgement should not be feared but embraced as a means of spiritual growth and refinement. Through the revelation of truth, we can acknowledge our flaws, weaknesses, and mistakes and use them as opportunities for growth and transformation. The role of light in judgement is significant, as it illuminates the truth and exposes anything that is hidden in darkness. Thus, as believers, we must strive to walk in the light, allowing God’s truth to penetrate every aspect of our lives.

Moreover, the judgement seat is not a physical place but a metaphorical representation of our ultimate encounter with Jesus Christ. It is an opportunity for us to stand before Him and account for our actions, thoughts, and words. As we live our lives, we must strive to align our actions with His will and seek to live a life that is pleasing to Him. And when we stand before the judgement seat, we can do so with confidence, knowing that we have a Savior who has already paid the price for our sins.

In summary, the judgement seat of Christ is an opportunity for us to see ourselves as God sees us, to seek the truth, and to use good judgement in all areas of our lives. As we walk with Christ, let us continue to seek His truth, walk in the light, and live a life that is pleasing to Him.

Let us Pray

Loving Father,

We come before You today with grateful hearts, thanking You for all the blessings You have bestowed upon us. We ask for Your guidance and wisdom as we navigate through this world, so that we may always seek the truth and use good judgement in all that we do. Help us to never assume the role of God or pass judgement on others, but instead, show compassion and love to all those we encounter.

We pray for those who are struggling with challenges and difficulties, that You may provide them with strength and comfort during these times. We pray for those who are lost and searching for meaning in their lives, that You may guide them towards Your light and truth.

We ask for Your protection and blessings upon our families, friends, and loved ones, so that You may watch over them and keep them safe. And finally, we pray for peace in our world, that You may bring an end to all conflict and strife, and that we may all come together as one human family. We ask all these things in Jesus’ name, Amen.



Reference Scriptures to ponder on:

  • 2 Corinthians 5:10 – “For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.”
  • John 8:12 – “Then Jesus spoke to them again, saying, ‘I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall not walk in darkness but have the light of life.'”
  • John 3:19-21 – “And this is the condemnation, that the light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. For everyone practicing evil hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his deeds should be exposed. But he who does the truth comes to the light, that his deeds may be clearly seen, that they have been done in God.”
  • Matthew 7:1-2 – “Judge not, that you be not judged. For with what judgment you judge, you will be judged; and with the measure you use, it will be measured back to you.”
  • Romans 14:10-12 – “But why do you judge your brother? Or why do you show contempt for your brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. For it is written: ‘As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to Me, and every tongue shall confess to God.’ So then each of us shall give account of himself to God.”
  • Hebrews 4:13 – “And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to whom we must give account.”
  • Psalm 119:105 – “Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.”
  • Proverbs 4:18-19 – “But the path of the just is like the shining sun, that shines ever brighter unto the perfect day. The way of the wicked is like darkness; they do not know what makes them stumble.”
  • James 4:12 – “There is one Lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy. Who are you to judge another?”
  • Matthew 5:16 – “Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.”

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Godwin Shon Sequeira
Godwin Shon Sequeira
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