BAPTISM – SON – FATHER
We are now in a position to grasp the authority that Jesus was speaking about and that the chief priests and the elders wanted Jesus to prove. They wanted Jesus to show that He was the rightful heir to the throne. His authority came from the anointing that came from the Father when the Father confirmed Him as the Christ, the Messiah, or the Anointed of God by saying, “This is my beloved Son with whom I am well pleased.” This was the moment that the Father anointed Him as the Christ, the Messiah, or the Anointed of God.
Matthew 3:17 — And a voice from heaven said, “This is my one dear Son; in him I take great delight.”
This authority may also be seen in a different light through a few additional biblical passages. Jesus started His public ministry when He was thirty years old and had already attained the level of mastery expected of a Rabbi of His day. The years of Jesus’ life between the ages of twelve and thirty are shrouded in mystery, yet some passages in the Old Testament may shed light on this period.
According to the verse found in Genesis, Joseph had already lived for thirty years when he began his service to Pharaoh, the ruler of Egypt.
Genesis 41:46 — Now Joseph was 30 years old when he began serving Pharaoh king of Egypt. Joseph was commissioned by Pharaoh and was in charge of all the land of Egypt.
According to what is said in 2 Samuel, David had reached the age of thirty when he first assumed the role of king.
2 Samuel 5:4 — David was thirty years old when he began to reign and he reigned for forty years.
According to the first verse of Ezekiel, God summoned Ezekiel to be a prophet when he was thirty years old.
Ezekiel 1:1 — In the thirtieth year, on the fifth day of the fourth month, while I was among the exiles at the Kebar River, the heavens opened and I saw a divine vision.
Because John the Baptist was born around six months before Jesus, he started his proclamation of the coming king at the age of approximately thirty years. According to the instructions found in Numbers, the minimum age requirement for priestly service was thirty years old.
Numbers 4:3 — from thirty years old and upward to fifty years old, all who enter the company to do the work in the tent of meeting.
Numbers 4:47 — from thirty years old and upward to fifty years old, everyone who entered to do the work of service and the work of carrying relating to the tent of meeting –
The gospel of Luke says that Jesus was likewise thirty years old when He started His ministry.
Luke 3:23 — So Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years old. He was the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli.
THE PRESENCE OF HIS FATHER
When Jesus was twelve years old, we find Him at the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to them, and questioning them. His response to his mother and father validated that He was really in the presence of His father.
Luke puts the whole narrative to a close by demonstrating that Jesus obeyed and submitted himself to His parents by going back to His hometown of Nazareth. However, the last verse of chapter 2 demonstrates that Jesus grew in knowledge and stature as well as in favour of both God and man.
Luke 2:52 — And Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature, and in favour with God and with people.
The period of Jesus’ life from this event until He reached the age of thirty is up to speculation; yet, this time may still be estimated in light of a few scriptures.
Luke 2:39-40 — So when Joseph and Mary had performed everything according to the law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own town of Nazareth. And the child grew and became strong, filled with wisdom, and the favor of God was upon him.
Luke 2:51 — Then he went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was obedient to them. But his mother kept all these things in her heart.
1 Samuel 2:26 — However, the boy Samuel was growing up and finding favor both with the LORD and with people.
The fervour for His heavenly Father’s house and business that had been blazing inside Him and that He articulated in Luke 2:49 when He was twelve years old must have spurred Him on to greater exploits in the closeness of his connection with His heavenly Father.
Luke 2:49 — But he replied, “Why were you looking for me? Didn’t you know that I must be in my Father’s house?”
This can be inferred from the conversation that He had with His mother. When Mary informed Jesus that she and His Father had been looking for Him, Jesus responded by referring to His heavenly Father as “my Father,” demonstrating that He was specifically concerned about His relationship with His Father.
RABBI AND TEACHER
There are several instances in the gospels in which Jesus is referred to as a Rabbi or a Teacher. This fact alone provides us with a clue that, in contrast to a typical Jew, He had a more extensive education than was required for the position of Rabbi.
A recognised Rabbi during the time of Jesus would move about from location to location with his small group of followers, often preaching in people’s homes or out in the open air, and would be reliant on the hospitality of the locals.
In those days, it was not easy to be accepted as a Rabbi or Teacher because they were required to go through rigorous Jewish formulated training in the Torah as well as the Oral Law for many years before they could be recognised as a Rabbi or Teacher. However, when Jesus appears on the scene, He is already recognised as such, with all of these characteristics. This is because Jesus followed the strict Jewish formulated training in the Torah as well as the Oral Law.
Before reaching the age of 30, an individual was permitted to continue moving from one location to another to communicate to the general populace His teachings as well as His interpretations of the Scriptures. However, in those days, the custom stated that a person could not be authorised to speak publicly as a Rabbi until he reached the age of 30.